Motherboard or some call it mainboard, is the main component in electronic devices, especially computers, as the name “mother” (main) or “main” (main) and “board” (board), this component is the place to connect all components on the computer.
Therefore, damage to the motherboard will make the whole computer not work, including our important data contained on the Hard Disk Drive will not be accessible unless the Hard Disk Drive is removed (removed from the computer), connected to another computer or with connectors (eg SATA- to-USB).
In this article we discuss the characteristics of motherboard damage to be known so that if it can avoid us from the risk of losing important data on the computer, see the following description.
- Computers often do not respond (not responding)
The data cable (SATA / IDE) port on the motherboard might be damaged
Computers that often experience hang or not responding are generally caused by an operating system that has long been used and is rarely maintained or tuned so that the operating system is not optimal in working.
The condition of a Hard Disk Drive that has long been used and rarely maintained (such as defrag, error check, etc.) can also cause the computer to hang frequently (not responding) for a long time, even having to restart forcefully (force reboot).
Or the data cable that connects the Hard Disk Drive to the motherboard that is damaged or not connected properly so that the reading (reading) files of the operating system on the Hard Disk Drive become blocked and result in hangs.
If the computer often hangs (not responding) while the condition of the Hard Disk Drive can be assured that it is fine (there are no bad sectors or other damage), and the operating system installed on the hard disk drive is also fine , then the possibility of damage to the SATA or IDE port (depending on the Hard Disk Drive used).
Memory slot (RAM) on the motherboard, possibly damaged
The motherboard memory slots are generally more than one, on PC Desktop computer motherboards generally have (at least) 2 memory slots and even up to 4 and 6 slots (I have never found a motherboard with more than 6 memory slots).
However, laptops generally only have one slot and a maximum of 2 slots (laptops with more than 2 memory slots may exist, but I have never found one), the memory slot is directly connected to memory (RAM: Random Access Memory).
Therefore, if the condition of the memory is certain to work properly, then there is a possibility (one) of the memory slot on the motherboard is damaged or the memory is not installed properly, or it could be a dirty or crusty memory slot because of the long usage age.The display of the computer screen is stuck on the boot screen
2. Chipset on the motherboard, possibly damaged
The boot screen display can vary depending on the type of BIOS used and the stages of the BIOS being skipped, but in this explanation the boot screen that I mean is when the computer screen displays a black screen with a flashing pointer in the upper left corner of the screen.
This generally occurs when the BIOS is unable to continue loading the operating system for several reasons such as the operating system that the boot loader crashes or it could be because the Hard Disk Drive crashes so that the operating system is not detected.
However, a case of a stuck on a boot screen caused by an operating system or a Hard Disk Drive that crashes will not last long, usually there will be an error message that appears, the editor can vary but generally “NTLDR is missing” (for the operating system Windows XP) or “BOOTMGR is missing” (for Windows 7, 8 / 8.1, or 10).
If the computer is stuck on the boot screen for a long time, with a record of the hard disk drive, operating system, and memory checked and in good condition, then the chipset may be damaged on the motherboard.
When the chipset is broken, the reading of the connected hardware becomes blocked, even a connection failure (interconnection) occurs between the components in the motherboard and as a result the computer screen is stuck on a certain display, we call it “Black Screen of Death” (still a relative “Blue Screen of Death “, it’s just a different color screen).
If you can’t enter at all, even in the BIOS, chances are the processor socket or memory slot is totally damaged!
Socket processor is a central processing unit (CPU: Central Processing Unit) or better known as the processor is, as we know that the processor is the brain of a computer, and its existence is certainly very important.
When the processor is damaged, the computer cannot process even the BIOS, so when the computer screen is turned on it will only display a black screen, but if the processor is confirmed to be normal then the possibility of a processor socket on the motherboard is damaged.
In addition to the processor, which is responsible for processing or queuing the data to be processed is memory (RAM), as discussed in the previous point that memory or memory slots that are problematic can cause the computer to often not respond (hang or not responding).
But it is different if the memory or memory slot is totally damaged, the computer cannot enter the system at all (both the operating system and BIOS, remember the BIOS is a system) and as a result the computer screen will only display a black screen.Sounds “beep … beep .. beep ..” constantly
3. Software that is connected, or the connector, might be damaged
On a laptop, it will generally make a sound “beep .. beep .. beep ..” constantly when turned on, the monitor screen is also usually stuck on a boot screen that indicates damage to hardware such as the keyboard.
The broken keyboard as it is (one of the buttons) typing itself (pressed continuously even though there is no pressure) can cause the speaker in the motehrboard to sound a warning sound.
But it could be caused by a connector that connects the motherboard to the hardware, for example for a laptop keyboard that is connected to a special socket on the motherboard, we the technicians call it a “base connector” while we call it a locking clip.
The locking clip on the connector is easily damaged or broken due to opening the clip on the wrong laptop keyboard connector, but actually it won’t damage the connector, it’s just that the flexible cable on the laptop keyboard will not be locked when connected to the connector.
Another case if the base connector is damaged, the keyboard will not be read at all and maybe the motherboard will assume the device (keyboard) is malfunction so that the speaker will say “beep .. beep .. beep ..”.
Generally by removing the keyboard and replacing it with another keyboard the problem will be resolved, but if there is (sort of) a short circuit on the keyboard connector it will have no effect, because it is not a broken keyboard but a connector on the motherboard.
The BIOS (Basic-Input-Output-System), might be damaged
Actually if the computer can still say “beep .. beep .. beep ..” means that the BIOS is still functioning, because the sound is regulated by the BIOS, not the operating system, but the BIOS cannot continue to read the operating system on the Hard Disk Drive because something.
Based on experience, the BIOS crashes because some things include overheating, short circuit, or failure of BIOS updates, so be careful when you decide to update your computer’s BIOS, on the one hand it is useful to be able to use a renewable system with all its new features. , but the risk is also high.
BIOS is chip-shaped, some technicians consider the BIOS to be part of the chipset, on some types of motherboards, the BIOS chip can be removed and replaced with a similar chip that is truly identical, but most motherboards implement a cropping system.
4. Computers often die automatically
The motherboard actually has a (sensor) sensor to detect the temperature of the device it has, therefore when the computer is used to work hard, the cooling pad will spin faster to optimize the cooling process.
But when the motherboard is damaged, the temperature detector does not work optimally so that the cooling pad works without adjusting to the motherboard temperature, consequently the risk of damage to other components connected to the motherboard is higher, the damage in question is caused by high temperatures, overheating.
Therefore, if it is found that the computer often dies suddenly on its own, even though the electricity supply (battery or directly from the PLN electricity) is normal, especially if the computer is found to be hot (after death), then the motherboard is most likely damaged.
Component problems or parts of the motherboard that are damaged of course need further research because it might be one of the small components (transistors, chips) that are damaged, but of course the initial diagnosis must be done because the cooling pad might be damaged so that the cooling process is not optimal.
I often handle computer cases, especially laptops that die themselves because of excessive heat and the problem is resolved by repairing the cooling pad or using an external cooling pad to help lower the temperature of the computer.
5. The computer is hard to turn on
The cause of the computer is hard to turn on generally because computers, especially laptops (PC Desktop can also be) too long to use sleep mode (first term standby) or hibernate, but this can also be one of the characteristics of damage to the motherboard.
Usually, when I find a case like this I will immediately “accuse” memory (RAM) or Hard Disk Drive because the cause is usually the sleep or hibernate mode, but maybe also caused by the component (we call it) “regulator power” or “IC power”, namely chip-shaped components that are responsible for distributing electricity (power).
6. The computer cannot be turned on (totally off)
This feature is also actually continued from “the computer is difficult to turn on”, but (let’s call it) this symptom is the final stage that indicates the motherboard has already been damaged, but of course we should not immediately sentence it because of the motherboard.
First, make sure the power supply and / or battery on the computer / laptop is functioning properly, because remember! Computers are a system, each other affects each other.
Thus the discussion about the characteristics of a damaged motherboard, by recognizing its characteristics hopefully we can avoid the risk of more severe damage, especially the risk of losing important data in computers, keep learning.