Motherboard or also known as mainboard, as the name suggests is a computer component (actually not always a computer component but in this article discusses the computer motherboard) which is in the form of a board (board) and is the main component (main) or mother (mother) of a computer its existence is of course very important.
If the motherboard dies completely, we can be sure all computer functions will die, therefore it is important for us to know what can cause the computer motherboard to die completely so that we can take preventive measures to prevent such damage, the total dead computer motherboard can be caused by several things including :
- The motherboard gets an unstable power supply
On PC Desktop computers, the power supply is the main device that delivers electrical energy to all devices connected to the computer, ranging from motherboards that get direct power supplies to USB ports (and other ports on computers), suppliers of electric power on laptop computers generally laptop batteries themselves, or in some cases users often take off the laptop battery and connect it to the charger with the reason to maintain the “health” of the laptop battery, the electric power supplier is the charger.
In case the user assembles it himself (or is helped by someone else in assembling) the Desktop PC he uses, it is possible that he (the user who assembles it) is not right in considering the device used in assembling a Desktop PC computer especially in choosing a power supply.
In some cases (which I personally experienced), the role of the power supply is not only to supply electricity, but it is responsible for the stability of the device (such as the hard disk drive) while operating, even some Desktop PC computers also use a device called a stabilizer to help stabilize power supply from source to device.
So that the selection of the type of power supply in accordance with the specifications of the Desktop PC computer that is assembled must also be considered very carefully, for example for computers with specifications that support 3D games that relatively require high graphics resources, of course the Desktop PC will be equipped with a VGA Card (additional ), the addition of these devices certainly requires a greater power supply compared to Desktop PC computers with specifications below.
As a result of the instability of the power supply from the power source to the Desktop PC or laptop computer can cause damage to the motherboard components and does not rule out the motherboard can not operate or die completely, the total deadness in the article is a situation where the motherboard does not react at all when the power button on the computer is pressed or the power pin on the motherboard is triggered (usually by a metal object such as a screwdriver), there is no response at all.
- Short circuit on the motherboard
There are many possibilities for a Desktop PC to experience a short circuit, such as air humidity, an animal such as an insect entering and “wetting” the motherboard, or maybe because of a liquid such as a splash of water soaking the motherboard and short circuiting causing the motherboard ” forfeited “.
In addition because the liquid short circuit can also be caused by the load of electricity received by the responsible component as the electrical resistance on the motherboard is too large, as explained in the previous point, choosing the type of power supply that is not in accordance with computer specifications or indeed unstable power source, the role of the stabilizer device will be very helpful in overcoming this situation.
- Damaged electronic components
On the motherboard there are many electronic components such as chips (including chipsets) etc. (Elco / capacitor, resistor), let’s say one component that is connected directly to the power supply (again the power supply) is damaged so that the electric current is not delivered from the power supply to the motherboard.
Regarding what components are damaged, of course this needs to be analyzed by experts (such as computer technicians), it can be one or several sockets that connect the power supply to the motherboard, the chipset responsible for distributing electrical power or other damaged components.
- Overheat due to continuous usage without stopping
Computer Desktop or laptop PCs are actually equipped with cooling devices (generally in the form of fans), but for some circumstances Desktop PCs or laptops still need a pause to “break” and cool all components to the smallest component such as a diode, even though it is not shut down at least ” sleep “periodically for a few moments before use.
This becomes very important when desktop PC computers or laptops are forced to work hard continuously for long periods of time without stopping, even though the temperature of the main components can be stabilized with a cooler, but sometimes some “small” components that are “vital” are unable to handle increased temperatures ( though little by little) so that it is feared that damage will occur.
What about server computers? Is not turning off the server computer even if only in “sleep” mode can affect the network? Of course, this does not apply to server computers, so from that in this article I always refer to PC Desktop computers or laptops because handling PC Desktop computers or laptops with server computers is very different.
On some websites or forums, there is an extreme solution to repairing a totally dead motherboard by soaking it with detergent solution (for washing clothes) then brushing it slowly and drying it under the hot sun, it is more like a joke but in some cases I read on several sites web or forum (I’ve never tried it myself) proved successful, the motherboard is back on.
However, this is very not I recommend, other than because it is a small possibility because it depends on luck alone, the action also shows that the “culprit” (sorry …) is less competent in repairing the motherboard.
Okay, so many discussions about the causes of motherboards die completely, consult with someone who is an expert and you trust before taking action to repair the motherboard in case you are not (sure you will) be able to handle it yourself, keep learning.